Breast Augmentation Terminology
Areola: The skin surrounding the nipple with differing pigmentation.
Augmentation mammaplasty: Breast enhancement and enlargement or breast improvement by surgery.
Breast Augmentation: Referred to as augmentation mammaplasty as well; breast enlargement or breast enhancement by surgical treatment, and the slang term is “boob job.”
Breast Implants: Medical devices put in your body to improve an existing breast size or to rebuild your breast. Breast implants fall under 2 categories: saline breast implants and silicone breast implants.
Capsular contracture: A problem of breast implant surgical treatment which occurs when the body forms scar tissue around the implant and tightens and compresses around it causing it to become hardened, malpositioned, or painful.
General anesthesia: Drugs and/or gases used throughout an operation to ease discomfort and alter consciousness.
Hematoma: A collection of blood that may occur inside the implant pocket if bleeding occurs after the surgery.
Inframammary incision: The cut created in the fold underneath the breast.
Intravenous sedation: The sedatives administered with injection into a vein to assist you relax.
Local anesthesia: A medicine injected directly to the spot of an incision throughout an operation to alleviate discomfort.
Mastectomy: The removal of breast tissue, typically to clear the body of cancer cells.
MRI: Magnetic Resonance Imaging; a completely painless test to see tissue much like an x-ray. Used to diagnose silicone implant rupture.
Profile (High, Moderate Plus, Moderate, Standard) Terms used to designate the diameter of an implant relative to its total volume. e.g. a 400cc high profile implant will have a narrower diameter and taller height than a 400cc standard profile implant.
Periareolar incision: A cut made at the edge of the areola.
Postpectoral: Behind the pectoralis muscle. See Submuscular.
Prepectoral: In front of the pectoralis muscle. See Subglandular.
Saline implants: Breast implants that are filled with salt water.
Silicone implants: Breast implants filled with an elastic silicone gel.
Submammary or subglandular positioning: Breast implants placed directly behind the breast tissue, over the pectoral muscle.
Submuscular or subpectoral positioning: the breast implants placed under the pectoral muscle, which is found in between the breast tissue and chest wall.
Sutures: Stitches utilized by cosmetic surgeons to hold skin and tissue together.
Teardrop implant: also called anatomic in which the profile of the implant is asymmetric in the shape of a teardrop to mimic a more natural breast contour.
Textured implant: an implant with a rough surface as opposed to the usual “smooth” implant. Textured implants may be less prone to capsular contracture or migration.
Transaxillary incision: A cut made in the underarm area.
Transumbilical incision: A entry cut made just above the umbilicus or belly-button. Only saline implants can be placed with a transumbilical incision.
Ultrasound: A diagnostic treatment that projects high frequency sound waves into the body and records the echoes as images.